COMD/XO PLANNING – BLACK ROLE OPERATIONS

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 ‘BLACK ROLE’ operations

‘BLACK ROLE’ (BR) operations are defined as Counter-Terrorism (CT), Domestic Counter-Terrorism (DCT) and Hostage Rescue (HR) operations conducted outside the scope, role, jurisdiction or capability of any other law enforcement or military unit where there is an emphasis on small, highly trained, independent teams conducting high risk strike and combat clearance missions in order to achieve sensitive military or political objectives.

BR operations often require more extensive planning than Green Role (GR) operations due to the minimalist and specialist approach taken towards completing the objectives, therefore placing a higher plan burden on COMD.
 
It is strongly recommended that all participants ‘look for work’ to aid in alleviating this plan burden on COMD; ‘Aim to bring a problem and a recommended solution, not just a question’. Pre-empt what may need to be organised before being asked to do so.
 
Below is a quick step-by-step guide for CQB planning to ensure the essential components are not missed.

COMD BR CQB PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS

 

MINIMAL:

1) HR or CC?

2) INTEL?

3) SQDS INFIL V TYPE + FUP + PREP + FSP + V/HDOP GR + METHOD OF INFIL (Primary and Alt)

4) TASKS

5) RE-CLEARANCE & SSE

6) SQDS EXTRACT V TYPE + PREP + EXTRACT GR + DIRECTION (Prim and Alt)

7) HOW

8) ROE

9) EQUIPMENT RULES

 

EXTENDED:

1) TYPE

  • Is it a Hostage Rescue (HR) or a Combat Clearance (CC)?

2) INTEL

  • Are there any intelligence considerations such as STALKER, ASSASSIN, or INTEL OFFICER?

3) INFIL

  • Decide the method of infiltration, the FUP, the preparation (PREP) point, the FSP, and the V/HDOP point(s).
  • Both primary and alternate for all.

4) TASKS

  • SQDs task(s) on target, area(s) of responsibility (AoR), compound entry and exit point(s), and so forth.

5) RE-CLEARANCE & SSE

  • Re-clearance of area(s) of responsibility to ensure the security of the area.
  • Sensitive Site Exploitation (SSE) – a systematic search for intel such as enemy documents, HVT information, hostages, and so forth.

5) EXTRACTION

  • Decide the method of extraction, PREP, the extraction point(s), and the direction of extraction.
  • Both primary and alternate for all.

6) HOW

  • Primary and secondary Tasking (SBF/P-SBF/Recce/Convoy Protection/VI), Helicopter choice, Weapons and Equipment, Formation of flight (orbit/fly-by/square/etc), Speed of loiter, Distance from target of loiter, and Altitude.

7) ROE

  • For example: ‘SQDs permitted to shoot from bird when within 50m of LZ and only if under fire’.
  • This is guided by steps 3-6.

8) What equipment are SQDs permitted?

  • E.g. number of mags, bangers, grenade launchers, etc.
  • This is guided by steps 3-6.

 

Glossary

  • AoR – Area of Responsibility
  • BR – Black Role
  • CC – Combat Clearance
  • COMD – Command
  • FUP – Form up Point
  • FSP – Force Separation Point
  • GR – Grid Reference/Green Role
  • HDOP – Helicopter Drop Off Point
  • HOW – Helicopter Overwatch
  • HR – Hostage Rescue
  • P-SBF – Precision Support By Fire
  • PREP – Preparation
  • ROE – Rules of Engagement
  • SBF – Support By Fire
  • SSE – Sensitive Site Exploitation
  • TOT – Time on Target
  • VDOP – Vehicle Drop Off Point
  • VI – Vehicle Interdiction

 

Last updated: 17/01/2018

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