All of the formations have their own strengths and weaknesses and are chosen depending on the terrain and enemy threat. The spacing of all formations should be between 50 and 100m as a general rule.
Wedge will be the normal formation when moving over open ground. The wedge formation has the two most senior vehicle commanders, V11 and V13 at the lead of the charge, with the other two vehicles between 50-100m to the flank and rear.
The Column formation will be used in close terrain, or during administrative moves where the is little enemy threat. It is similar to the infantry staggered formation, except each vehicle maintains clear space to their front so they can maximise frontal firepower. E.g. they drive outside of the track marks of the vehicle to their front.
For this formation, the command team is in the middle of the formation. The lead vehicle is V12, followed by V11, then V13, and lastly V14.
The single-file is used when moving along roads or through narrow choke-points such as mountain passes or over bridges (more on obstacle-crossing drills later).
The order of march for single-file is V12-V11-V13-V14.
The single-file should be avoided if possible.
The line formation is used when you are assaulting a position, or when you have taken contact. The same as the extended-line formation for infantry, with the command team in the middle.
For the sake of an SOP, the formation will be (from left-to-right) V12-V11-V13-V14
Echelon is used when there is an enemy threat to one particular flank, e.g. when you are on the far-left or far-right of a formation and your job is to protect the flanks. The armoured echelon is the same as the echelon formation for infantry, essentially an extended-line but slanted to the left or to the right. The lateral order of vehicles should be the same as the extended line above. E.g if the formation is echelon left, the lead vehicle will be V14, if the formation is echelon right, the lead vehicle will be V12.
The Inverted Vee is used when there is a high-threat of ambush, or when conducting route clearances. The Inverted Vee is the same layout as the wedge, except the flank vehicles are now forward of the command team. These flank vehicles will clear out the sides of the route, and assist to identify hidden threats, e.g. ambushes or command initiated explosives.
Short-Halt – “Herring-bone”:
The Herring-Bone is used when travelling along a road and a short-halt is required.
The Herring-Bone is enacted from the single-file during route-marches to conduct administrative tasks, such as navigation checks, or to conduct quick-orders to the tanks.
The Vehicle Harbor:
The vehicle harbor is used as an all-round protection manoeuvre that is used when stopping for more than roughly five minutes. The harbor is arranged as a circle, with the lead vehicle halting to establish the 12 o’clock position at the desired location, and each other vehicle taking up the 3 o’clock and 9 o’clock positions and lastly the rear vehicle occupies the 6 o’clock position. The vehicle harbor orientates the vehicles so that they have their strongest armour facing out.