LANDING ZONES

LANDING ZONES

  • HOT LZ
    • A hot LZ is an LZ that is possibly in range or covered by enemy fire. It does not have to be receiving fire to be deemed a HOT LZ. The TACP can indicate a HOT LZ prior to arrival in order to switch XRAY to HOT LZ SOP’s. A STANDARD LZ can change to a HOT LZ at any time based on enemy activity.
    • Insertion/Extractions can change from a STANDARD LZ to a HOT LZ at any time. A HOT LZ will never change back to a STANDARD LZ once it has been classified as a HOT LZ.

LZ TYPES

  • SINGLE
    • Used When:
      • either only enough space for one helo or,
      • LZ is hot with limited protection
      • only one helo lands at a time
      • second or other helos maintain a holding pattern
    • PROCEEDURE
      • holding pattern is established where possible around LZ
      • permission to enter LZ is given by TACP / CMD
      • first helo or as designated by lead performs insertion/extraction on LZ, communicates lift and rejoins Holding Pattern
      • on helo one radio callsign lifting second aircraft comes in immediately to same LZ and performs its insertion/extraction and communicates callsign lifting and rejoins holding pattern
      • continue for all helo’s
    • HOT LZ CHANGES
      • No changes on hot LZ.
  • DOUBLE
    • Used When:
      • two aircraft and enough space or separate locations to land both aircraft at same time
    • PROCEEDURE
      • both helo’s proceed into LZ and land to perform insertion/extraction
      • both helo’s remain on ground until both signal callsign ready to lift.
      • lead aircraft calls callsign lifting which is signal for both aircraft to lift.
    • HOT LZ CHANGES
      • on landing helo’s conduct there own individual lift as soon as they are ready.
      • ensure flight path is not intercepting other helo on ground.
      • rejoin Holding Pattern in any order.
  • DOUBLE LINE
    • Used When:
      • more than two helo’s but LZ has a max available area for two.
    • PROCEEDURE
      • first two helo’s land and perform insertion/extraction as per DOUBLE procedure, report lifting and join Holding Pattern.
      • third and Fourth helo’s maintain holding pattern.
      • on first two helo’s reporting lifting third and fourth move immediately into same LZ’s and perform insertion/extraction, report lifting and join Holding Pattern.
      • continue for all helo’s.
    • HOT LZ CHANGES
      • All aircraft do individual insertions/extractions. So if 1 and 2 are on the ground and 1 reports lifing 3 would move in immediately to 1’s LZ while 4 maintained Holding Pattern until 2 signals lifting.

LZ APPROACH

BLIND LZ

  • When you have not visually seen the LZ but need to insert immediately onto the LZ. Such as fast or stealth assaults. 

SIGHTED LZ

  • When you have made a pass and visually seen the LZ or the LZ is marked with smoke by friendly forces.
  • J HOOK
    • Used to recce an LZ and approach it in one maneuver. 
    • Fly to the side of the LZ at a safe distance but close enough to visually inspect the LZ area (can be a lot further with optics.
    • Continue past the LZ.
    • Turn slowly towards LZ and reduce altitude until lined up with the LZ
    • Perform LZ landing.

APPROACH COMMUNICATIONS

 

  • CALLSIGN ON APPROACH
    • Lets other XRAY# Callsigns know you have started your Approach
  • SLOWING DOWN
    • Let other XRAY# Callsigns know you are slowing down so they dont ram you from behind.
  • STARTING FLARE
    • Let other XRAY# Callsigns know you are flaring 
  • ON DECK
    • Let XRAY know you have landed.
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