AIR COMMAND AND COMMUNICATION (FIXED WING)
Radio Setup and Use
- SW: CH7
- LR: CH2
- LR ALT: CH1
- All communication should be through the TACP, callsign Vandal.
- Alternative is CMD on LR: CH1 or ALPHA, BRAVO, CHARLIE, DELTA squads as available.
- Fixed Wing callsigns are responsible for their own aircraft at all times. At no point do aircraft need to adhere to the SOP if they feel that their aircraft is in danger or over exposed. This includes unsatisfactory CAS strikes, flight paths or holding patterns.
- When available, all airborne assets should fly in groups or pairs. It is ill advised to fly alone.
- All fixed wing aircraft are to keep attitude at 600m+ to avoid collision with Rotary Wing elements, unless performing a CAS strike or ordered otherwise.
- In situations such asthe presence of a AA threat, you must first confirm that the AAA threat is neutralized before undertaking any tasking or avoid the threat area by any means possible.
Ensure after any briefing you are aware of:
- Who is the main Air Commander.
- Any no fly zones during the operation.
- Initial AO and/or holding points.
- Possible threats in the area.
- Intended use of your aircraft (Recon, Air security or CAS).
- Required Aircraft.
- Survive Evade Resist Escape (SERE) plan.
Ensure that this information is covered during initial air briefing and that information is updated throughout the mission. If information on this list is not covered, fixed winged assets should communicate with Vandal to ensure all necessary information is covered.
- A downed jet, when possible, should be immediately supported by other air callsigns. Once the location of the crew has been secured or is safe enough for extraction, downed pilots/gunners should be retrieved via X-Ray or Victor and evacuated as soon as possible. The location of the downed jet and crew should be relayed via long-range radio to organize extraction of crew and demolition of damaged bird if necessary.
- If immediate extraction or rescue can not be achieved and/or the crash site is considered hostile, the pilot and crew are to execute their SERE plan. Make your way to the nearest friendly force or to the nearest emergency rendezvous (eRV).
Note: ASOR promotes the roleplay of downed aircraft. If you survive a crash, it is expected that you play out the scenario, rather than manually respawn.
Air levels are used to describe your current status, action or planned change in action while in the air.
Return to Base (RTB)
- Returning to Base (Airfield, FOB, etc).
- Used to signify the need for rearm or refuel.
e.g: “Vandal, Raven 1. Request RTB for rearm and refuel.”
- Holding Pattern (safe holding distance, see HOLDING PATTERN)
- Used to signify that an aircraft is awaiting further orders at a designated location.
e.g: “Vandal, Raven 1. Be advised we are at HP Alpha and are awaiting further orders.”
- Holding Area is considered part of the Air Area of Operations (AAO)
Close Air Support (CAS) Strike
Air Command will task Raven callsigns with CAS Strikes. Information is given to RAVEN in the form of a 9-liner.
Air command will advise Raven callsigns to prepare for tasking. At this time it is advised to decrease speed and level out your aircraft.
9-Liner CAS Sheet:
Standard 9-liner briefing. Used to call in munitions from an aircraft onto an enemy location or asset. Can be used for both rotary and fixed-wing aircraft.
- Munitions Type* (ATGM, GBU, Guns, etc.)
- Insertion Point (IP)/Battle Point (BP)*
- Heading from IP/BP (as a bearing)
- Distance from the IP/BP (in metres)
- Target Elevation (in metres)
- Target Description (infantry, armour, etc. can be more descriptive)*
- Target Grid (6-digit location)*
- Marker Type (laser, smoke, etc.)*
- Friendlies (nearest friendly position in metres. Can be followed by “danger close”)*
- Egress (direction of travel after munitions have been deployed. Given in bearing or cardinal direction)*
- Remarks (AAA threats, angle of attack, obstacles, etc.)
Once the 9-liner has been recieved by the aircraft, a read-back is usually performed by the pilot/gunner to ensure that the information is correct. Stages of the 9-liner marked with an * are the most important pieces of information to relay back to the TACP.
The approach to a target should align the aircraft with the IP/BP and heading designated by the TACP. At this point forward the TACP can clear an aircraft for the usage of munitions. This is usually done via the command: “Cleared Hot”.
Once the intended target has been located/locked and ground assets have confirmed the use of an aircraft’s weapons, the pilot/gunner is authorized to fire the requested munitions at the target.
To signify the launch of a munition to friendly assets, certain brevity codes are used for certain weapons systems.
- Pickle – Air to Ground bombs (GBU 12, 38, etc.).
- Rifle – Air to Ground missiles (AGM-65 Maverick, free fire rockets, etc.).
- Fox 1 – Short range Air to Air missiles (AIM-9, etc.).
- Fox 2 – Long range Air to Air missiles (AIM 120, etc.).
- Guns Guns Guns – Yep you guessed it.
Once the attack has completed, Raven callsigns will egress out to to the specified direction from the 9-liner and await Battle Damage Assessment (BDA). It is here where Vandal will either request a re-attack if the initial run was unsuccessful or call good effect on target and task Raven back to a holding area.
Example 9-Liner Communications Transcript
Vandal: “Raven 1 Standby for 9-liner”.
Raven 1: “Standing By”.
Vandal:“Raven 9-liner is as follows”.
“Request GBU-12 through IP Dexter”.
“Distance 600 metres”.
“Grid 1-2-6- dash – 8-8-3”.
“Target will be lased”.
“Friendlies 800 metres north”.
“Egress to the north east”
“How copy, over”?
Raven 1: “Vandal, Raven 1. Read-back is as follows. GBU12, IP Dexter, tank, grid 1-2-6 dash 8-8-3, laser, friendlies 800 meters north.”
Vandal: “Good copy”.
Raven 1: “Copy that, on approach”.
Vandal: “You are cleared hot”.
Raven 1: “Target acquired”.
Raven 1: “Pickle”.
Vandal: “Splash, standby for BDA”.
Vandal: “Raven 1, Vandal. BDA is as follows: 1 times catastrophic, good effect on target. Return to holding area sierra and await further tasking, how copy”?
Raven 1: “Good copy Vandal, returning to HA sierra. Raven 1 out”.
Fixed-Wing Air Command
The Raven callsign designates all fixed-wing aircraft (RAVEN 1, 2, 3). One of those units (typically Raven 1) answers to Raven and is the current commander of the Air Area of Operations (AAO). Any Raven callsign should be able to take this role however only one Raven asset should answer to it at a time. This is to ensure clear communication between Raven air assets and TACP.
On CAS Strikes Raven 1 or Raven 2 will cycle between strikes unless ordered otherwise. Raven 1 will undertake first tasking, Raven 2 will take the next tasking.
All Raven elements need to listen to all briefings and should be prepared to follow up same orders if the current RAVEN element misses or is unable to complete tasking.
The AAO is the immediate area around any troops on the ground and includes any Holding Patterns, Approach Areas and LZ’s. The Air Commander should always be at closest point to friendly forces on the ground. (AAO)
- Air to Ground Communication
- Co-ordination of all Fixed Wing aircraft in the AAO
- Fixed Wing Tasking